## Use Free Open Access Journals (This document now refers to a wider range of forms of open access publishing) Aaron Sloman Installed: 30 Nov 2009 Last updated: 5 Dec 2009; 4 Feb 2010; 22 May 2010; 19 Jun 2010; 18 Aug 2010; 23 Aug 2010; 26 Sep 2010; 29 Sep 2010; 3 Oct 2010; 25 Oct 2010; 8 Nov 2010; 3 Dec 2010; 14 Feb 2011; 1 Mar 2011; 12 Mar 2011; 13 May 2011; 9 Jul 2011; 29 Sep 2011; 11 Feb 2012; 7 Jun 2012; 5 Oct 2012; 28 Oct 2012; 31 Dec 2012

This file is:
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/open-access-journals.html
Also available as http://tinyurl.com/CogMisc/open-access-journals.html
A slightly messy, automatically created PDF version is http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/open-access-journals.pdf

http://tinyurl.com/CogMisc/post-publication-review.html

Additional discussion notes are listed in: http://tinyurl.com/CogMisc/AREADME.html

### NOTES AND NEWS

NEWS 30 Jan 2013: Anthony Finkelstein's blog on open access is consistent with the viewpoint presented here:
http://blog.prof.so/2012/08/on-open-access.html
This is also relevant: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/33209/title/Less-Influence-for-High-Impact-Journals/

The Scientist
Less Influence for High-Impact Journals
A new study reveals that more and more of the world's most-cited articles are published
outside of high prestige, high impact factor journals.
By Dan Cossins | November 9, 2012

The influence of high-impact factor journals is declining, according to a study published
this week (November 7) in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and
Technology. The findings raise questions over the relationship between the
impact-factor-the current best measure of a publication's influence-and the number of
citations subsequently received by papers published in that journal.

NEWS 5 Oct 2012: Interesting discussion -"PLoS ONE: from the Public Library of Sloppiness?"
http://occamstypewriter.org/scurry/2012/04/01/plos1-public-library-of-sloppiness/

NEWS 16 Jul 2012: UK Government will require all publicly-funded research to be made freely available to the public from late 2013.

    http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-07/16/research-open-access-david-willetts
Willetts said: "Removing paywalls that surround taxpayer funded research
will have real economic and social benefits. It will allow academics and
businesses to develop and commercialise their research more easily and
herald a new era of academic discovery. This development will provide
exciting new opportunities and keep the UK at the forefront of global
research to drive innovation and growth."

Professor Doug Kell, RCUK Champion for Research and Information
Management said: "Widening access to the outputs of research currently
published in journals has the potential to contribute substantially to
furthering the progress of scientific and other research, ensuring that
the UK continues to be a world leader in these fields. I am delighted
that, together, the Research Councils have been able both to harmonise
and to make significant changes to their policies, ensuring that more
people have access to cutting edge research that can contribute to both
economic growth in our knowledge economy and the wider wellbeing of the
UK."


24 Feb 2011 [Expanded Feb 2012; June 2012]: My current attitude to non-open-access journals.

I shall not normally knowingly and freely submit articles to closed-access
journals for publication, or do any reviewing for them.

I am not alone: thousands more have similar attitudes: http://thecostofknowledge.com.

If there's anything for which my web site is not a suitable medium I'll try one
of the many excellent old and new open-access journals. (See examples below.)

One of many reasons for this is that I have increasingly been finding that the
Elsevier, World Scientific, and others, are being used to pay marketing people
to spam me with unwanted announcements about new publications, new issues, new
offers etc. Our precious, very limited, research funding should not be used to
subsidise those processes. These people do not realise that if we want to find
out about what has been published in some topic we can use search engines very
effectively, and do not need to have already large amounts of incoming spam
increased. (Of course, people who want to be informed can ask to be informed.)

Some of these publishers claim that they give authors the option to have
open-access publications, but their charges are so extortionate as to deter most
researchers from accepting that offer. This is obviously a deliberate policy to
deter them from choosing the open-access option. Examples that I have found
include Elsevier, Springer, Wiley and others (e.g. the {\em Topics in Cognitive
Science} journal, to which I refuse to contribute, partly because they also
require use of MSWord, not LaTex.

For this and other reasons indicated below, when asked to review for a NON open
access journal I shall normally decline on the grounds that I don't see why I
should do unpaid work to benefit the shareholders of the company, and more
importantly, I want to make the researchers concerned with the journal think
about open access alternatives.

Editorial boards have been known to defect from commercial publishers and start afresh.
E.g. see http://thecostofknowledge.com.

More researchers should now join the refusers, especially as there is now free
software available to do most of the admin required for a journal automatically,
as has already been happening for research conferences for several years.
(See the excellent examples listed below.)

Academics should also refuse to collaborate with appointment, tenure, or
promotion committees that that use where research is published as
a criterion of excellence, instead of making strenuous efforts to judge the
quality of the research (using expert external referees if necessary).
The strongest reason for this is that even if publication in a high quality
journal is evidence of research quality, rejection by such journals is NOT
evidence of poor quality, partly because such journals have limited space
available, partly because refereeing can be of variable quality, and partly
because in the current research climate it is in the interests of journals to
report high rejection rates.

Occasionally colleagues ask me to co-author, or review, or contribute to
something involving a closed journal. In some cases, if I think they really need
my help I may go along with this while trying hard to encourage them to switch
to using open-access options in future. (Harder for young academics when so many
appointment and promotion committees pay more attention to where something was
published than to its quality -- an intellectually lazy and irresponsible
attitude to selection or promotion.)

My policy is provisional and may change.

### Note on Acceptance Rates

 Many journal editors boast about how low their acceptance rates are
compared with other journals.

What they don't say is that submitting a paper to their journal is a waste of
time for the vast majority of authors -- if their main objective is to get their
papers published.

Of course the journal may be providing a useful service if all the submitted
papers are carefully reviewed and the authors get helpful feedback that will
improve their research an future publications.

However, I think that for many researchers the use of pre-publication reviewing
is the wrong system. Open access combined with post-publication reviews can, for
many purposes provide a superior model, for reasons given in
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/post-publication-review.html


NOTE: There are now so many new open access journals being announced that I cannot keep up.
I randomly select some to include here, to indicate the sort of thing that's happening.

I normally refuse to contribute to or review for journals that are not open access,
or which are open but charge authors extortionate amounts (presumably to discourage
them from selecting the open access option, e.g. Springer, Elsevier and others).

The amount of unwanted, unsolicited, advertising spam I get from advertising managers at
such companies shows what subscriptions and author charges are being used to pay for.
I would prefer not to use my precious funds to pay for such activities.

### Updates and News about Open Access: Journals, Repositories, Blogs, ...

31 Dec 2012

Frontiers is Open Science
http://www.frontiersin.org/

Frontiers is an online platform for the scientific community to publish open-access
articles and network with colleagues.
Fast, open-access publication
Rigorous peer-review in real-time thanks to our interactive, online interface
Detailed metrics to follow the impact of articles
A networking platform made especially for the scientific community
Example Article types
Example Author fees

28 Oct 2012

Constructivist Foundations
http://www.univie.ac.at/constructivism/journal
This is an international peer-reviewed academic e-journal dedicated to
constructivist issues raised by philosophy as well as the natural, human, and
applied sciences. The journal publishes original scholarly work in all areas of
constructivist approaches, especially radical constructivism, enaction and
enactive cognitive science, second order cybernetics, biology of cognition and
the theory of autopoietic systems, non-dualizing philosophy, and first-person
research, among others. The readers of the journal will be kept up-to-date with
the central issues of the Constructivist Community.
There are no author charges, and access is free, though rading journal articles
requires registration.
Volume 7, Number 3 15 July 2012
http://www.univie.ac.at/constructivism/journal/7/3

7 Jun 2012
Theoria
http://www.ehu.es/ojs/index.php/THEORIA/

Established in 1952 by Miguel Sanchez-Mazas, THEORIA is one of the leading
philosophy journals in the Spanish-speaking world and a well-ranked
publication in the Europe Science Foundation index (ERIH: INT2). It has also
been ranked A by the Spanish ANEP and in the CARHUS plus index of the
Generalitat de Catalunya. THEORIA cooperates with two Spanish philosophical
societies: SOLOFICI and SEFA.

It is regularly indexed in the following databases: Arts & Humanities
Citation Index., ISI Alerting Services, SCOPUS, Current Contents./Arts &
Humanities, DOAJ, Bulletin Signaletique 519, ICYT, ISOC, MathSci,
Mathematical Reviews, Current Mathematical Publications, Philosopher's
Index, Repertoire bibliographique de la Philosophie. It also features
prominently in national databases such as DICE and MIAR.

THEORIA is a non-profit editorial venture. It is published by the University
of the Basque Country under a Creative Commons Licence. It is part of the
Open Journal System (OJS) and all its papers (from 2003 onwards) are freely
available on-line.
Current issue:
http://www.ehu.es/ojs/index.php/THEORIA/issue/current

14 Nov 2011
Humanities - Open Access Journal
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/humanities

Humanities is an international, peer-reviewed, quick-refereeing open access
journal, which publishes works from extensive fields including history, law,
literature, philosophy, religion, arts, linguistics and so on. There is no
restriction on the length of the papers as we encourage researchers to
publish their innovative ideas and results in as much detail as possible. To
guarantee a rapid refereeing and editorial process, Humanities follows
standard publication practices in the natural sciences.

Subject Areas:

* History
* Law
* Literature
* Philosophy
* Religion
* Arts
* Linguistics
* Other related areas
Article processing charges (for authors)

1 Oct 2011
The Open Philosophy Journal
http://www.benthamscience.com/open/tophilj
The Open Philosophy Journal is an Open Access online journal which publishes
peer-reviewed articles and guest edited single topic issues addressing all
aspects of philosophy. Research areas covered by the journal: include
metaphysics, epistemology, logic, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics,
philosophy of religion, science, psychology, mind, language and law, and
ancient philosophy. The emphasis will be on publishing quality articles
rapidly and freely available to researchers worldwide.
Articles are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons
unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any
medium, providing that the work is properly cited.

PUBLICATION FEES:

Short Articles and Discussion Notes: The publication fee for each
published Short Articles and Discussion Notes submitted is US $250. Research Articles: The publication fee for each published Research article is US$300.

Mini-Review Articles: The publication fee for each published Mini-Review
article is US $250. Review Articles: The publication fee for each published Review article is US$350.

29 Sep 2011
Rationality, Markets and Morals
http://www.rmm-journal.de
Studies at the Intersection of Philosophy and Economics
An open access journal published by Frankfurt School Verlag

17 Sep 2011:
Philosophy and Theory in Biology,
http://philosophyandtheoryinbiology.org
Online open-access peer-reviewed journal that aims to bridge
philosophy of science and theoretical biology.

(Alas latex not accepted.)

9 Jul 2011:
Minerva - An Internet Journal of Philosophy
http://www.mic.ul.ie/stephen/vol13/Own13.html

Minerva is a refereed electronic journal of philosophy. It is published
annually and is available on an open-access basis on the Internet. The
journal publishes articles relating to philosophy construed in a broad but
scholarly sense, without preference for any particular school or
intellectual tradition. Each volume will appear in the month of November. As
an electronic journal, Minerva provides swift publication and distribution,
while reaction to published articles can be garnered with equal speed. It is
intended that the journal will foster debate by publishing considered
replies to certain articles and providing a forum for scholarly discourse.

Featured articles and all other materials, unless otherwise indicated, are
the copyright of the Journal, under the terms of the Copyright Act 1963. All
rights are reserved, but fair and good faith use with full attribution may
be made of all contents for educational or scholarly purposes.
EDITOR
Dr. Stephen Thornton
Head, Department of Philosophy, MIC, University of Limerick, Ireland.

15 Apr 2011:
International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology

Journal of Cell and Animal Biology

Both committed to free open access, but there's a charge for authors
($550 when I looked -- much lower than some prestigious journals). From web site: Authors may still request (in advance) that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special circumstances 10 Apr 2011: The Berlin Journal of Philosophy http://www.adrianpiper.com/berlinjphil/ The Berlin Journal of Philosophy is a blind-submission, double-blind, peer-reviewed, open-access journal that will publish articles on all topics in the four traditional major areas of philosophical specialization, namely epistemology & metaphysics logic value theory history of philosophy and their established subspecialities (long list follows). NOTE: The emphasis on double-blind reviewing prompted me to write some notes on the advantages of post-publication reviewing, here: http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/projects/cogaff/misc/post-publication-review.html 12 Mar 2011: Journal of Interdisciplinary History of Ideas http://www.jihi.eu A new open-access academic peer-refereed journal, devoted to interdisciplinary history of ideas. Interdisciplinary history of ideas focuses on the bonds that relate more general historical study in the field, and special fields such as the history of philosophy, history of economic thought, history of science, history of art, history of law, and so on, that are usually severed in research works, though connected in the real course of intellectual history. 14 Feb 2011: Praxis (Publisher: University of Manchester) http://praxisjp.org/ Praxis is an online postgraduate journal of philosophy edited by postgraduate students at the University of Manchester. Our aim is to offer an opportunity for research students, post-doctoral scholars and new academics to publish papers and reviews in an international peer-reviewed journal, providing special support for those in the beginning of their academic career. 13 Jan 2011: Journal of the philosophical-interdisciplinary vanguard http://www.avant.umk.pl/en/ Our aim is to spread the idea of modern interdisciplinary philosophy, sciences and humanities, and to propagate the relations between them and art. We are mostly interested in new approaches to human cognition like new trends in cognitive science, modern phenomenology, new approaches in psychology, enactivism, embodied and situated cognition, extended mind, social ontology, sciences of complexity and others. We believe that these conceptions are crucial for development of contemporary anthropology and should been widely introduced to people interested in complex theories of human behaviour. 29 Dec 2010: Journal of Cosmology Astronomy - Astrobiology Earth Sciences - Life http://journalofcosmology.com/Charges.html Open access publishing provides immediate, worldwide, free access to the full-text of all published articles. Open access allows scholars, scientists, government officials, and the general public to view, download, print, and redistribute any article without a subscription. Open access publishing insures a far superior means of distribution compared to the traditional subscription-based publishing model. Because there are no subscription fees, publication costs are paid from an author's research budget, or by their supporting institution, in the form of Article Processing and Publication Fees. All Processing and Publication Charges Are Waved for Invited Papers. Article Processing Fee: The Journal of Cosmology is a Peer Reviewed Open Access journal and requires the payment of a$35.00 Article Processing Fee to cover costs for
processing and managing the peer review process. Manuscripts will not be
processed until all Processing Fees have been paid.

All articles are peer reviewed. This $35.00 fee is not refundable if the article is rejected. Article Publication Fee: If the article is accepted, there is a$150.00
Publication Charge, that will be billed to and must be paid by the submitting
author following the acceptance of the article for publication.

Accepted articles will not be published until the publication fee is received.

13 Dec 2010: What is the LOCKSS Program? LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe)
http://lockss.stanford.edu/lockss/Home

LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe), based at Stanford University
Libraries, is an international community initiative that provides libraries
with digital preservation tools and support so that they can easily and
inexpensively collect and preserve their own copies of authorized e-content.
LOCKSS, in its eleventh year, provides libraries with the open-source
software and support to preserve today's web-published materials for
tomorrow's readers while building their own collections and acquiring a copy
of the assets they pay for, instead of simply leasing them. LOCKSS provides
100% post cancellation access.

The ACM award-winning LOCKSS technology is an open source, peer-to-peer,
decentralized digital preservation infrastructure. LOCKSS preserves all
formats and genres of web-published content. The intellectual content, which
includes the historical context (the look and feel), is preserved. LOCKSS is
OAIS-compliant; the software migrates content forward in time; and the bits
and bytes are continually audited and repaired.

13 Dec 2010: Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy (JHAP)
http://jhaponline.org/

JHAP aims to promote research in and discussion of the history
of analytical philosophy. 'Analytical' is understood broadly and
we aim to cover the complete history of analytical philosophy,
including the most recent one. JHAP takes the history of
analytical philosophy to be part of analytical philosophy.
Accordingly, it publishes historical research that interacts
with the ongoing concerns of analytical philosophy and with the
history of other twentieth century philosophical traditions. In
addition to research articles, JHAP publishes discussion notes
and reviews.

The Journal is published in the spirit of the open access
movement. Articles will be freely available in electronic form.

Open Journal Systems

13 Dec 2010: The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication
http://thebalticyearbook.org/journals/baltic

3 Dec 2010: HYLE: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry
Free access to all papers available http://www.hyle.org
HYLE combines autonomous scientific quality management (double blind peer
review) with modern technology of electronic production and distribution. We
are committed to the policy of the Budapest Open Access Initiative and,
thus, avoid obsolete, costly, time-consuming, and heteronomous procedures of
traditional commercial publishers. This enables an up-to-date forum for
discussion in the young field of the philosophy of chemistry and brings the
international community together, without discriminating scholars from
financially less developed countries.

17 Nov 2010: International Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems (IJAE)
http://www.cscjournals.org/csc/description.php?JCode=IJAE
Publisher: Computer Science Journals
Open Access, but authors pay USD$160 publication fee. 8 Nov 2010: Journal of Logic and Analysis http://www.logicandanalysis.org/ [No author charges. No reader charges.] This journal examines the interaction between ideas or techniques from mathematical logic and other areas of mathematics, especially, but not limited to, pure and applied analysis. Journal of Logic and Analysis publishes papers in nonstandard analysis and related areas of applied model theory; papers involving interplay between mathematics and logic (including foundational aspects of such interplay); and mathematical papers using or developing analytical methods having connections to any area of mathematical logic. 3 Nov 2010: Yet another web site about open access in academic disciplines http://open-access.net/de_en/open_access_in_individual_disciplines/philosophy/ http://open-access.net/de_en/homepage/ The open-access.net platform aims to meet the growing demand for information on the subject of Open Access (OA). Our editorial team gathers information which is scattered across many sources and bundles it thematically for presentation to various target groups. 25 Oct 2010: MIT Faculty Open Access Policy Policy adopted by unanimous vote of the faculty on 3/18/2009: http://info-libraries.mit.edu/scholarly/mit-open-access/open-access-at-mit/mit-open-access-policy/ (Thanks to Rosalind Picard for information about this.) 3 Oct 2010: http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/10-02-10.htm SPARC Open Access Newsletter, issue #150 October 2, 2010 by Peter Suber "Self-archiving diary I have a confession to make. For as long as I've urged scholars to support OA, I've urged them to self-archive. But I wasn't systematic about doing it myself until last year. .... Note to repository managers: Supporting PDF alongside other formats like HTML and XML is a feature; supporting PDF-only is a bug. ...." (There's lots more. Well worth reading. Personal comment by A.S.: My own work straddles disciplines and topics in ways that make it hard for me to use repositories designed by others. Also I don't believe in 'archival' publishing. There should always be opportunities for authors to update their works if they can improve them (as composers have been doing for centuries. The vast majority of what is published is of little or no value and will hardly ever be read. So the cost of elaborate permanent archiving mechanisms is not justified. Simple permanent archiving allowing edits (perhaps with histories of edits) should suffice for the vast majority of publications.) 3 Oct 2010: OpenDepot.org http://opendepot.org/information.html OpenDepot.org The purpose of OpenDepot.org is to ensure that all academics worldwide can share in the benefits of making their research output Open Access. For those whose universities and organisations have an online repository, OpenDepot.org makes them easy to find. For those without a local repository, including unaffiliated researchers, the OpenDepot is a place of deposit, available for others to harvest. We have tried to make OpenDepot.org easy or researchers and authors to use. (Hosted by Edina: University of Edinburgh) 29 Sep 2010: International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Applications (IJAIA) Open Access, but$120 author charge, up to 20 pages.

26 Sep 2010: Open Journal Systems
http://pkp.sfu.ca/ojs-journals
A sample of the "over 6600" journals using OJS

http://pkp.sfu.ca/?q=ojs

"Scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals
committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect
to make the transition to open access..."
Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2002

Open Journal Systems (OJS) is a journal management and publishing system
that has been developed by the Public Knowledge Project through its
federally funded efforts to expand and improve access to research. OJS
assists with every stage of the refereed publishing process, from
submissions through to online publication and indexing. Through its
management systems, its finely grained indexing of research, and the context
it provides for research, OJS seeks to improve both the scholarly and public
quality of refereed research.

OJS is open source software made freely available to journals worldwide for
the purpose of making open access publishing a viable option for more
journals, as open access can increase a journal's readership as well as its
contribution to the public good on a global scale (see PKP Publications).

(See also Directory of Open Access Journals, below)

26 Sep 2010: http://openhumanitiespress.org/
From the web page
"Making scholarly work available without charge on the internet
has offered hope for the natural sciences and now offers hope in the
humanities."
Stephen Greenblatt, Harvard University

Open Humanities Press is an international open access publishing
collective in critical and cultural theory.

Open Humanities Press journals are fully peer reviewed, scholarly
publications that have been chosen by OHP's editorial advisory board
for their outstanding contribution to contemporary theory. OHP's
journals are independent, published under open access licences and
free of charge to readers and authors alike.

Journals include:
* Cosmos and History
* Culture Machine
* Fast Capitalism
* Fibreculture
* Film-Philosophy
* Filozofski vestnik
* Image and Narrative
* International Journal of Zizek Studies
* Parrhesia
* Postcolonial Text
* Vectors
26 Sep 2010:
http://www.publicpraxis.com/speculations/
Speculations  is a journal of speculative realism that hopes to
provide a forum for the exploration of speculative realism and
post-continental philosophy. Our aim is to facilitate discussion
about ongoing developments within speculative realism. The journal
is open access and peer-reviewed. We accept short position papers,
full length articles and book reviews.

Inquiries and submissions can be sent to speculationsjournal@gmail.com
26 Sep 2010:
http://www.openhumanitiesalliance.org/incubator/index.php/thinkingnature/
Thinking Nature
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the
principle that making research freely available to the public
supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.


22 Sep 2010: http://www.neuroquantology.com/journal/index.php/nq/issue/current/showToc
The full back archive for NeuroQuantology (from 2003 to 2010) is now FREE. (Registration needed.)
21 Sep 2010: Omics Publishing Group
   Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology
Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals
Journal of Bioanalysis & Biomedicine
Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy
Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology
Other Omics Journals

21 Sep 2010: Kant Studies Online
23 Aug 2010: Insciences Open Access Journal
18 Aug 2010 (Updated 1 Mar 2011)
The Directory of Open-Access Journals -- http://www.doaj.org/ -- includes:
    Agriculture and Food Sciences            Languages and Literatures
Arts and Architecture                    Law and Political Science
Biology and Life Sciences                Mathematics and Statistics
Business and Economics                   Philosophy and Religion
Chemistry                                Physics and Astronomy
Earth and Environmental Sciences         Science General
General Works                            Social Sciences
Health Sciences                          Technology and Engineering
History and Archaeology

Covers free, full text, quality controlled scientific and scholarly journals. Aims to cover all subjects and languages.
Message posted 1 Mar 2011 claims:
    There are now 6208 journals in the directory. Currently 2652 journals are
searchable at article level. As of today 514357 articles are included in
the DOAJ service.

3 Dec 2009:
This statement by the Scholarly Publishing Office of the University of Michigan is very relevant:
http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=jep;view=text;rgn=main;idno=3336451.0009.102
==================================================================

EARLY DRAFT TO BE REORGANISED
Message sent to some discussion lists for computing and philosophy

From Aaron Sloman Wed Aug 12 15:46:41 BST 2009
Subject: Don't review for subscription-only journals

I have just received another of those 'please will you review'
requests from a journal whose accepted papers are available only to
people (or organisations) who pay a subscription.

I think that from now on I should agree to review ONLY on condition
that if the paper is accepted it will be made freely available to
everyone in the world.

I don't see why my work, or the work of researchers paid for by
tax-payers in any country should be available only to people who
contribute to the profits of publishers.

Is there any reason why all academics shouldn't start doing this?

In any case, people whose papers are accessible only to subscribers
will not be read by people in other disciplines who may be
interested, or students, intelligent lay people,etc., so they are
losing opportunities to communicate (or get feedback).

There are new journals that make all their articles freely available
and charge authors only a small amount, or nothing. We should all
submit papers ONLY to those.

Aaron

===================================================================

NOTE:
It is hard for younger researchers to act on this if they know that job
selection panels and promotion panels still use the quality of journals (as
measured by impact factors) as a basis for assessing individuals.

This is highly immoral: as immoral as assessing people on the basis of where
they were born, where they studied, the colour of their skin, etc. It should
be made illegal and assessment should be based only on the quality of the
work as assessed by experts.

Counting publications in high impact journals instead of reading research
reports is an intellectually lazy way to do selection.

Another point (30 Nov 2009):

Highly rated journals tend to have much longer publication queues than the
newer open-access journals that don't get so many submissions.

So for young researchers wanting (a) to get their papers published and (b)
wanting their papers to be read it may be that avoidance of delay may be far
more important than being visible in a highly rated place.

Remember many people search for things to read on the basis of their
content, not where they are published. Several of my informally published
web pages come up higher than articles on similar topics in prestigious
journals -- possibly because far fewer people can read and link to those
papers.

When I post things on www.slideshare.net they seem to be read
by more people people more quickly than anything I publish in other places.
http://www.slideshare.net/asloman/presentations

(Of course, that is not even refereed.)

I suspect that academe may move toward relying far more on post-publication
reviewing than on pre-publication reviewing, especially as the latter is
known to be full of biases and anomalies, as shown by experiments submitting
the same paper with different names and addresses for authors. Blind
reviewing cannot eliminate all reviewer prejudices. Even world-leading
experts can make serious errors of judgment.

===================================================================

INTERDISCIPLINARITY
(Added 17 Aug 2010)

Two consequences of research output going into journals that require
subscriptions are (a) that researchers tend to be limited in what they read
since they tend to subscribe to a small subset of the journals whose
contents are potentially relevant to their research and (b) that each
publication tends to be read by a restricted set of researchers for the same
reason.

This in effect means that there is often inadequate cross-disciplinary
communication between researchers with overlapping interests leading to
duplicated research effort time wasted because relevant knowledge is not
available when someone is working on a problem and inadequate teaching,
because teachers fail to inform their students of some of the important
relevant knowledge. I see effects of this often when interviewing job
candidates: they have been trained to focus their research vision in such a
narrow way that they really don't understand the problems they are working
because they are ignorant of aspects other researchers have already
explored.

===================================================================

In October 2009 someone wrote to one of those discussion lists pointing out that
their university librarian reported that libraries are moving more and more
towards open access journals given that they remain peer-reviewed but free. He
wondered if there is any sense that such works are of 'lesser quality' because
they are free AND how such journals can survive without charging
subscriptions...

This provoked the following response (from me):

It looks as if you did not get the answer sent to the list in response to
your earlier posting of this question. I copy it below. I agree with the
sentiments expressed and have seen open access journals in other disciplines
that are thriving, e.g.

http://www.jair.org/

among others.

The doubts being raised about quality are, I suspect, mainly stirred up by those
with an interest in preserving the older journals (the companies that publish
them, their editors, etc.)

The main obstacle to growth of open access journals is an attitude that
individuals and departments should be judged not by the quality of their work
but by where they publish their papers. This helps to preserve the near monopoly
of the expensive journals. Fortunately in philosophy many of the journals are
available at low cost. But the fact that articles are not freely available stops
non-subscribers all round the world gaining access.

Do philosophers want their work to be read ONLY by professional philosophers,
and do they want to learn only from criticisms by professional philosophers? I
hope not.

Regarding ads or sponsorship: the best way to answer that is to look at the
journals that try either or both. A lot will depend on how they do it. If ads
are too obtrusive people will use other journals.

Aaron
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/~axs

===================================================================

Here is some other information posted on discussion lists.

A new OpenAccess journal
LOGOS - Freie Zeitschrift fuer wissenschaftliche Philosophie
http://fzwp.de

They use the open journal system for the website, LaTeX for the
formatting of the PDF files, and tex4ht for transforming
TeX files to XHTML.

There is ABSOLUTELY NO reason why an open-access journal should be of
lesser quality than one with limited access.

A good introduction to open access:
http://www.earlham.edu/%7Epeters/fos/overview.htm

A discussion about OA in philosophy:

An open access web site with lots of information about philosophy
and philosophers:
http://philpapers.org

(Apparently does not yet use the OAI protocol for metadata harvesting,
therefore, despite all its merits, not yet suitable for uploading articles.)

===================================================================

At one time people were strongly in favour of using journals with large lists of
subscribers because that was the only way to be read by many people. That has
been changed completely by the internet: if your paper is freely available and
is discovered by search engines, or recommended by other academics it could end
up being read by far more people around the world than if it were available only
to subscribers to any particular journal. (Most subscribers do not have time to
read everything in all the journals they subscribe to, anyway.)

OF COURSE, THE SYSTEM WILL WORK AND PROVIDE LONG TERM AVAILABILITY ONLY IF THE
OPEN ACCESS SITES INSTEAD OF BEING FUNDED BY SUBSCRIPTIONS (OFTEN FOR THE
BENEFIT OF SHAREHOLDERS) ARE INSTEAD FUNDED BY GOVERNMENTS (TAXPAYERS).

The savings in costs to universities and other educational and research
institutions could be enormous, thereby probably more than re-couping the extra
costs of supporting the archives, which would otherwise include a contribution
to shareholders' profits.

Update: 5 Dec 2009

Here is an example of a government funded open-access collection of
journals I have just come across

http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=toc&id_broj=3613&lang=en
Hrcak
Portal of scientific journals of Croatia

===================================================================

For me one of the serious disadvantages of normal journal publications is that
items are frozen. Nothing I write is finished: I like being able to make
corrections additions, improved wording, etc. If a composer can do it to a
symphony or string quartet, why shouldn't a researcher do it to research
reports/discussions, etc.

I do not know of any journals that accept updates of previously published
papers, whereas many open-access self-archiving repositories do. I suspect it is
just a matter of time before the practice spreads, since the use of the internet
has enormously reduced the cost compared with replacing paper versions.

===================================================================