Born in Que Que (now KweKwe), Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), 1936.
Here's a map with annotations (zoom in and click)
Went to school there till 1948 then school (SACS) and university (UCT) in Cape Town
(BSc mathematics and physics 1956 1st class).
Obtained a Rhodes Scholarship (SACS constituency) and went to Oxford (Balliol College,
October 1957) to study mathematics, but eventually got seduced by philosophy
(DPhil 1962), after toying with mathematical logic for while.
(I had Hao Wang as supervisor while studying mathematical logic, then David Pears
after I switched to philosophy -- I don't think he was very interested in what I was
doing. Richard M. Hare was my 'Personal Tutor' at Balliol. We got on very well and I
learnt a lot from him, and, for a while, helped with some of his philosophy tutoring.)
Started teaching Philosophy at Hull University in 1962, then moved to Sussex in 1964.
Spent 1972-3 in Edinburgh as Senior Visiting Fellow, and was converted to "AI as the best
way to do philosophy." I learnt more in that year than in any other year of my life since
about the age of 4.
Returned to Sussex October 1973, and helped (with Max Clowes, Margaret Boden, Alistair
Chalmers, then later Steve Hardy, John Lyons, Gerald Gazdar and others) to develop a
Cognitive Studies Programme in the School of Social Sciences which eventually grew into
the Sussex School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences. (SOCS)
Over the years dabbled in vision (still the hardest unsolved problem in AI, psychology and
neuroscience), the study of forms of representation, motivation and emotion, architectures
for complete agents, how to build a mathematician (starting at about age 3 or 4), design
of robots of the future, the evolution of powerful learning strategies, trajectories in
design space and niche space, philosophical problems about mind, emotion, mathematics,
causation and meta-ethics, and good ways to teach novices programming and AI, and how to
make computing the centre of a new kind of liberal education -- an aim defeated by
politics, economics, lack of suitable teachers, and the presence of the wrong sorts of
computer systems in schools all round the world. (For more see my 'my-doings' file.)
Managed the development of Poplog, a sophisticated multi-language design environment, for
exploratory research and teaching in AI and Cognitive Science, at Sussex between about
1980 and 1991. (Find out more about it here).
Poplog won a UK Government 'SMART' award for Integral Solutions Ltd around 1991 for
achieving sales of over 5 million dollars, and was the basis of the development of
Clementine among other commercial products.
Poplog is now a free open source system. I manage the web site.
Obtained grants for development of poplog, and for research in vision. In 1984-6 was
awarded a GEC Research Fellowship (not applied for). Grants from the Renaissance Trust
supported my work.
After 27 years at Sussex wanted a change so moved to Birmingham in 1991, when offered a
research chair. Foolishly agreed (under strong pressure from VC) to be Head of School of
Computer Science at first, but in 1994 became a research professor, working on
architectures for human-like agents, a toolkit for exploring agent architectures,
motivation, emotion, vision, causation, consciousness and related problems. Passed UK
academic retirement age in 2001 but have continued to work full time, living on pension!
Grants from the UK Joint Council initiative on HCI, the Renaissance Trust, DERA, the
Leverhulme trust, and the EC have supported this research.
More recent grants are listed here
1991: Elected fellow of American Association for AI,
(now renamed "Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence") in 1991.
(Second wave of elections.).
1997: Elected honorary life fellow of AISB (one of the first group of three fellows)
1999: Elected fellow of ECCAI, European Coordinating Committee on AI (first wave).
2004: Made Fellow of WIF: The World Innovation Foundation
(Note about WIF)
2005: Became a member of UK Computing Research Commmittee (UKCRC)
2006: Honorary DSc, awarded July 2006 Sussex University.
Wrote The Computer Revolution in Philosophy in 1978
(freely available since Sept 2001, with notes and comments added from time to time).
Most of this web site can be seen as a sequel to that book including published papers,
technical reports, discussion notes and slide presentations in various directories:My talks (research and teaching presentations)I maintain the Free Poplog distribution directory, at
the Cognition and Affect papers
Overview of Meta-Morphogenesis project
(Extending Turing's 1952 ideas about Morphogenesis to the study of processes of evolution,
development, learning, and social change affecting biological information processing,
starting from a cloud of dust.)
Papers in the CoSy research project
Miscellaneous online papers, discussion notes and postings to bulletin boards, etc.
http://www.cs.bham.ac.uk/research/poplog/freepoplog.html Includes: The SimAgent Toolkit
From about November 2002 I was actively involved in helping to define and promote one of
the research Grand Challenges selected by the UKCRC, namely
Grand Challenge 5 (GC5): Architecture of Brain and Mind, a project aiming to replicate an interesting
subset of a typical human child (not a new-born infant) in a robot.
(Since about 2008 this has been led by Leslie Smith, at Stirling university).
My home page has further details.
Prompted by Linda World, who was writing an article about me for the 'Histories and Futures'
section of IEEE Intelligent Systems (published July/August 2005), I started to assemble
a hypertext summary of things I've done and worked on.
Inspired by reading Turing on Morphogenesis in 2011, started the Meta-Morphogenesis
project to unify many things I had previously been working on.
All of this would not have been possible without Alison (Shown at an orienteering event).