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COPYRIGHT: John Barnden, 1997.
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Consider the sentence
Take birthdays. One family may trot out party favors, ...
[= example from databank]. Here the agent is cast as interacting (physically) with entities, namely birthdays, that are not amongst his/her own mental entities. We therefore have a contrast with Ideas as External Entities, under which, for instance, the agent might ``grasp'' or otherwise interact with a mental entity.
(However, I am tentative about saying that ``take X'' sentences manifest Cognizing as Interacting with Non-Own-Mental Entities. It is possible that the X in ``take X'' should be analyzed as a metonymic reference to an idea of X, so that we would have a mixture of metonymy and Ideas as External Entities.)
Note that the entities interacted with may themselves be mental, if belonging to another person, as in ``drinking in her soul.''
For another type of sentence I tentatively suggest as manifesting the metaphor of Cognizing as Interacting with Non-Own-Mental Entities, consider
To me, feminism has backfired against women.
[= example from databank]. I suggest that the backfire situation is cast as an entity which is physically ``directed towards'' the agent (``me''). For convenience, I include such directedness as a case of ``interaction'' very broadly construed.
Somewhat similarly, a ``for'' phrase can be used instead of a ``to'' phrase, as in
For conservatives, today's military success compounds a paradox.
[= example from databank].
My comments about ``to X'' and ``for X'' sentences are in at least rough accord with the account of mental-state sentences in Langacker (1990: especially pp.222-226, 233-234), although he does not claim that such sentences are metaphorical.
Langacker, R.W. (1990). Settings, participants, and grammatical relations. In S.L. Tsohadzidis (Ed.), Meanings and Prototypes: Studies in Linguistic Categorization, pp.213--238. London and New York: Routledge.