This page contains publications on relationships between mental states and metaphor. See also

Please email me (J.A.Barnden@cs.bham.ac.uk) to request a paper for which there is no link or for further information.

Many of the papers are results of the ATT-Meta project.


You may be interested in my databank of examples of metaphors of mind in real text and speech.

Externally Published 1---Metaphorical Description of Mental States


Barnden, J.A. (2005):

 "Metaphor, self-reflection and the nature of mind."

   Invited chapter, in D. N. Davis (Ed.), 
     Visions of Mind: Architectures for Cognition and Affect, pp.45-65.
   Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing, Idea Group Inc.

Barnden, J.A. (1999):
   "An implemented system for metaphor-based reasoning,
      with special application to reasoning about agents."

   In  C.L. Nehaniv (Ed.), 
      Computation for Metaphors, Analogy, and Agents, 
      Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1562, pp.143-153. 
   Springer.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, dvi

Barnden, J.A. & Lee, M.G. (1999):

   "An implemented context system that combines
      belief reasoning, 
         metaphor-based reasoning 
            and uncertainty handling."

   In P. Bouquet, P. Brezillon & L. Serafini (Eds), 
      Second International and Interdisciplinary Conference on 
         Modeling and Using Context (Context'99), 
      Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 1688, pp.28-41.
   Springer.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A. (1998):

   "Combining uncertain belief reasoning
      and uncertain metaphor-based reasoning.

   In Procs. Twentieth Annual Meeting of 
      the Cognitive Science Society, pp.114-119. 
   Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript

Barnden, J.A. (1998):

   "An AI system for metaphorical reasoning 
           about mental states in discourse."

   In J-P. Koenig (Ed.), 
      Discourse and Cognition: Bridging the Gap,
   Stanford, CA: CSLI/Cambridge University Press.

Barnden, J.A. (1997):

   "Consciousness and common-sense metaphors of mind."

   In S. O'Nuallain, P. McKevitt &  E. Mac Aogain (Eds), 
      Two Sciences of Mind:
            Readings in Cognitive Science And Consciousness, pp.311-340.
   John Benjamins.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript

Barnden, J.A. (1997):

   "Deceived by metaphor."

   Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 20(1), pp.105-106.
   Invited Commentary on A.R. Mele's "Real Self-Deception, "  
   same issue, pp.91-102.

Barnden, J.A., Helmreich, S., Iverson, E. & Stein, G.C. (1996):

   "Artificial intelligence and metaphors of mind:  
       within-vehicle reasoning and its benefits."

    Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 11(2), pp.101-123.

    Electronically accessible in:   HTML,   postscript

Barnden, J.A. (1995):

   "Simulative reasoning, common-sense psychology 
          and artificial intelligence."

   In M. Davies & T. Stone (Eds), 
      Mental Simulation: Evaluations and Applications, pp.247-273.  
   Oxford: Blackwell.

Barnden, J.A., Helmreich, S., I verson, E. & Stein, G.C. (1994):

   "An integrated implementation of simulative, uncertain and 
     metaphorical reasoning about mental states."

   In J. Doyle, E. Sandewall & P. Torasso (Eds),
     Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: 
     Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference, pp.27-38.  
   San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript

Barnden, J.A., Helmreich, S., Iverson, E. & Stein, G.C. (1994):

   "Combining simulative and metaphor-based 
     reasoning about beliefs."

   In Procs. 16th Annual Conf. of the Cognitive Science Society, pp.21-26. 
   Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript

Barnden, J.A. (1992):

   "Belief in metaphor: 
            taking commonsense psychology seriously."

   Computational Intelligence, 8(3), pp.520-552.

Barnden, J.A. (1989):

   "Towards a paradigm shift in belief representation methodology."

   J. Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 2, 
         pp.133-161.




Externally Published 2---Metaphor and Belief Ascription


Wilks, Y., Barnden, J. & Wang, J. (1996):

   "Your metaphor or mine: 
      belief ascription and metaphor interpretation."

   In B.H. Partee & P. Sgall (Eds), 
      Discourse and Meaning: Papers in Honor of Eva Hajicova, pp.141--161. 
   Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Ballim, A., Wilks, Y. & Barnden, J.A. (1991):

   "Belief ascription, metaphor, and intensional identification."

   Cognitive Science, 15(1), pp.133-171.

Wilks, Y., Barnden, J. & Wang, J. (1991):

   "Your metaphor or mine: 
            belief ascription and metaphor interpretation."

   In Procs. 12th Int. Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 945-950.   
   San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann. 




Technical Reports


Barnden, J.A. (2001):

   "Application of the ATT-Meta metaphor-understanding approach
     to various examples in the ATT-Meta project databank."


   Technical Report CSRP-01-02, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2001.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf



Lee, M.G. & Barnden, J.A. (2001):

   "Mental metaphors from the Master Metaphor List:
     Empirical examples and the application of the ATT-Meta system." 


   Technical Report CSRP-01-03, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2001.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf



Barnden, J.A. & Lee, M.G. (2001):

   "Application of the ATT-Meta metaphor-understanding system 
     to an example of the metaphorical view of MIND PARTS AS PERSONS."


   Technical Report CSRP-01-09, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2001.

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf





Last mod 3 July 2014