This page contains publications on metaphor research with no particular orientation towards the relationship to mental states. Click HERE for publications on relationships between mental states and metaphor.

Please email me (J.A.Barnden@cs.bham.ac.uk) to request a paper or further information.


The list includes one or two items of which I am not an author but that have been written by colleagues on the ATT-Meta project, namely Rodrigo Agerri, Sheila Glasbey, Mark Lee and Alan Wallington.


 

Externally Published

(in reverse chronological order)


Barnden, J.A. (in press).

 "Communicating flexibly with metaphor: 
      A complex of strengthening, elaboration, replacement, compounding and unrealism."

   Invited paper for Review of Cognitive Linguistics.


Barnden, J.A. (2016).

 "Mixed metaphor: Its depth, its breadth, and a pretence-based approach."

   Invited chapter, in R.W. Gibbs, Jr. (Ed.), Mixing Metaphor, pp.75-111
   Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

   Please email me if you'd like a copy.

Barnden, J.A. (2016).

 "Metaphor and simile: Categorizing and comparing categorization and comparison."

   In Gola, E. & Ervas, F. (Eds), Metaphor and Communication, pp.25-46
   Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

   Please email me if you'd like a copy.

Barnden, J.A. (2015).

 "Metaphor, simile, and the exaggeration of likeness."

   Metaphor and Symbol, 30(1), pp.41-62.

       copy from publisher

       publisher's online version


Barnden, J.A. (2015).

 "Creative metaphor and metaphorical creativity."

   Invited chapter, in Besold, T.R., Schorlemmer, M. & Smaill, A. (Eds,)
      Computational Creativity Research: Towards Creative Machines,  pp.217-242.
   Springer.

        copy from publisher

        publisher's online version


Gargett, A. & Barnden, J. (2015):

 "Gen-Meta: Generating metaphors by combining AI and corpus-based modeling."

   Web Intelligence, 13(2), pp.103-114.

   


Gargett, A. & Barnden, J.A. (2015):

 "Modeling the interaction between sensory and affective meanings for detecting metaphor."

   In Procs. Third Workshop on Metaphor in Natural Language Processing 
      (at Conference of the North American chapter of 
         the Association for Computational Linguistics, NAACL 2015),
      pp.21-30. 
      Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL).

   preprint


Gargett, A. & Barnden, J. (2014):

 "Mining online discussion forums for metaphors."

   In Procs. Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2014), 
      pp.2507-2512.
   Reykjavik, 26-31 May 2014.

   proceedings
   [follow Authors link]


Gargett, A., Ruppenhofer, J. & Barnden, J. (2014):

 "Dimensions of  metaphorical meaning."

   In Procs. Fourth Workshop on Cognitive  Aspects of the Lexicon (Cogalex 2014),  pp.166-173.

   preprint


Gargett, A. & Barnden, J. (2013):

 "Gen-Meta: Generating metaphors using a combination of 
      AI reasoning and corpus-based modeling of formulaic expressions."

   In Procs. Conference on Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence (TAAI), 
      pp. 103-108.
      IEEE.

   preprint


Barnden, J.A. (2012):

 "Metaphor and simile:
       Fallacies concerning comparison, ellipsis and inter-paraphrase."
   Metaphor and Symbol, 27(4), pp.265-282.

   publisher's online version


Wallington, A.M., Agerri, R., Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G., Rumbell, T. (2011):
   "Affect Transfer by Metaphor for an Intelligent Conversational Agent."

    In K. Ahmad (Ed.), Affective Computing and Sentiment Analysis:
                           Emotion, Metaphor and Terminology,  pp.53-66.
       In Text, Speech and Language Technology Series, 
       Springer.

    local PREPRINT


Barnden, J.A. (2010):
   "Metaphor and metonymy: Making their connections more slippery."

   Cognitive Linguistics, 21(1), pp.1-34

   local PREPRINT from June 2009

   


Barnden, J.A. & Wallington, A.M. (2010):
   "Metaphor and its unparalleled meaning and truth."

   In A. Burkhardt & B. Nerlich (Eds),
      Tropical Truth(s): The Epistemology of Metaphor and Other Tropes, pp.85-121. 
      Berlin / New York: De Gruyter.

   local PREPRINT


Lee, M. (2010):
   "Counterfactuals and Metaphor."

   In A. Burkhardt & B. Nerlich (Eds),
      Tropical Truth(s): The Epistemology of Metaphor and Other Tropes, pp.123-135.
      Berlin / New York: De Gruyter.



Wallington, A.M. (2010):
   "Systematicity in metaphor and the use of invariant mappings."

   In G. Low, Z. Todd, A. Deignan & L. Cameron (Eds), 
      volume of papers based on selected presentations at 
      Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World, pp.209-244. 
      Benjamins.

      local PREPRINT


Barnden, J.A. (2009):
   "Metaphor and context: A perspective from artificial intelligence."

   In A. Musolff & J. Zinken (Eds), Metaphor and Discourse, pp.79-94. 
      Palgrave Macmillan.
   ISBN: 978-0-230-53730-9 hardback

   local PREPRINT


Agerri, R. (2008):
   "Metaphor in Textual Entailment."

   In Companion Procs. of the 22nd Int. Conf. on Computational  Linguistics (COLING 2008), 
      Manchester, UK, pp.2-6.

   online version


Agerri, R. (2008):
   "Does blocking affect metaphor?"

   In Procs. of the International Workshop on Constraints in Discourse III, pp.95-102,  
       Postdam, Germany, 30 July - 1 August 2008. (Endorsed by ACL SIGSEM.)

   online version


Agerri, R., Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2008):
   "Textual Entailment as an Evaluation Framework
         for Metaphor Resolution: A Proposal."

   In J. Bos & R. Delmonte (eds.) (2008),
      Semantics in Text Processing: STEP 2008 Conference Proceedings.
   College Publications. 
   ISBN: 978-1904987932.

   online version


Barnden, J.A. (2008):
   "Metaphor and artificial intelligence: Why they matter to each other."

   In R.W. Gibbs, Jr. (Ed.), 
      The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 
      pp.311-338. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
      ISBN-13: 978-0-521-84106-1 (hardback)
      ISBN-13: 978-0-521-60086-6 (paperback)
      ISBN-10:     0-521-60086-3 

      proof copy

Barnden, J.A. (2008) [official date; but not actually produced till late 2009]:
   "Challenges in natural language processing: The case of metaphor (Commentary)."

   Int. J. Speech Technology, 11(3), pp.121-123

   publisher's online version
   local PREPRINT


Barnden, J.A. (2008):
   "Unparalleled creativity in metaphor."

   In Creative Intelligent Systems: Papers from 2008 AAAI Spring Symposium
      (Dan Ventura, Mary Lou Maher & Simon Colton, Cochairs).
   Technical Report SS-08-03.
   Menlo Park, Calif., AAAI Press.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf

   Associated poster presentation



Wallington, A.M., Agerri, R., Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Rumbell, T. (2008):
   "Affect transfer by metaphor for an intelligent conversational agent."

   In Procs. LREC 2008 Workshop on Sentiment Analysis: 
         Emotion, Metaphor, Ontology and Terminology (EMOT 08),
       pp.107-113. Marrakech, Morocco, 27 May 2008.
   ISBN: 2951740840

   Online version: 113-119 of PDF of workshop proceedings within LREC proceedings.
   NB: you need to follow the Workshops link 
       and then the link to the particular Workshop (W6).


Agerri, R. (2007):
   "Discourse relations and default inferences in metaphor interpretation."

   In M. Aurnague, K. Korta & J.M. Larrazabal (Eds), 
      Language, Representation and Reasoning, 
         Memorial Volume to Isabel Gomez Txurruka,  pp. 13-33.
      Donostia-San Sebastian: The University of the Basque Country Press.
   ISBN: 978-84-9860-023-0

   local online version


Agerri, R., Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "View Neutral Mapping Adjuncts as Default Rules for Metaphor Interpretation."

   In J. Gertzen, E. Thijsse, H. Bunt & A. Schiffrin (Eds.), 
      Procs. of the Seventh Int. Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-7), 
      pp.283-286, Tilburg University, Department of Communication and Information Sciences,
      Tilburg, Netherlands, 10-12 January 2007. 
      ISBN: 90-74029-31-0

   local online version


Barnden, J.A. (2007):
   "Metaphor, semantic preferences and context-sensitivity."

   In K. Ahmad, C. Brewster & M. Stevenson (Eds),
      Words and Intelligence II: Essays in Honor of Yorick Wilks, pp.39-62. 
   Dordrecht: Springer.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Agerri, R. Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "Default inferences in metaphor interpretation."

   In B. Kokinov, D.C. Richardson, T.R. Roth-Berghofer & L. Vieu (Eds),
      Modelling and Using Context: 
         6th International and Interdisciplinary Conference (CONTEXT 2007),
      pp.1-14.
   Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 4635.
   Springer.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Agerri, R. Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "Metaphor, inference and domain-independent mappings."

   In G. Angelova, K. Bontcheva, R. Mitkov, Nicolas Nicolov & Nikolai Nicolov (Eds),
      Procs. Int. Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing
      (RANLP-2007), pp.17-23.
      Borovets, Bulgaria, September 2007.
      ISBN 978-954-91743-7-3.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Agerri, R. Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "On the formalization of invariant mappings for metaphor interpretation."

   In Procs. Forty-Fifth Annual Meeting of 
      the Association for Computational Linguistics
         (Companion Volume: Book II -- Interactive Poster and Demonstration Sessions), 
      pp.105-108.
   The Association for Computational Linguistics.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Agerri, R. Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "Invariant mappings and contexts in a computational
           approach to metaphor interpretation" 

   In G. Sengupta, S. Paul, R. Narendranath & R. Batchu (Eds),
      Procs. of the IJCAI-2007 Workshop on Modeling and Representation 
            in Computational Semantics (MRCS-07), 
      pp.57--61. Hyberabad, India, January 2007.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Glasbey, S.R. (2007).
   "Aspectual composition in idioms."

   In L. de Saussure, J. Moeschler and G. Puskas (Eds). 
       Recent Advances in the Syntax and Semantics of Tense, Aspect and Modality, pp 71-88. 
      Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
      ISBN: 978-3-11-019525-5 

      local online version
      book information


Barnden, J.A. (2006):
   "Artificial intelligence, figurative language and cognitive linguistics."

   In G. Kristiansen et al. (Eds),
   Cognitive Linguistics: Current Applications and Future Perspectives, pp.431-459.
   Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

   Preprint version electronically accessible in: Word


Lee, M.G. (2006):
   "On Counterfactual Metaphors and Paradox."

   In J. Skilters (Ed.),
      The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication, 1, 
      pp.95-109, University of Latvia Press.
      ISBN: 9984783979

   local online version


Lee, M. (2006):
   "Methodological issues in building a corpus of 
         doctor-patient dialogues annotated for metaphor". 

   At Second Int. Conf. of the German Cognitive Linguistics Assoc.,
      7 October 2006, Munich, Germany. (Abstract in Proceedings.)

   online extended paper


Wallington, A.M., Agerri, R., Barnden, J.A., S.G. Glasbey & Lee, M.G. (2006):
   "Considerations on the nature of metaphorical meaning 
         arising from a computational treatment of metaphor interpretation."

   In J. Bos & A. Koller (Eds),
      Procs. of the Int. Workshop on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS-5), 
      Buxton, England, April 2006.

   online version


Wallington, A.M., Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R. & Lee,M.G. (2006):
   "Metaphorical reasoning with an economical set of mappings."

   Documentaccao de Estudos em Linguistica Teorica e Aplicada, 22 (no.spe),
   pp.147-171. 
   ISSN: 0102-4450

   online version


Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2004):
   "Varieties and directions of inter-domain influence in metaphor."

   Metaphor and Symbol, 19(1), pp.1-30.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2003):

   "Domain-transcending mappings in a system for metaphorical reasoning."

   Conference Companion to the 10th Conference of
        the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics}(EACL 2003), 
      pp.57-61.
      Association for Computational Linguistics. 

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2002):

   "Reasoning in metaphor understanding: The ATT-Meta approach and system."

   Procs. 19th International Conference on 
             Computational Linguistics(COLING 2002), 
      pp.1188-1193.
      San Francisco: Morgan Kaufman.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Barnden, J.A. & Lee, M.G. (2002):

   "An artificial intelligence approach to metaphor understanding."

   In Tomasz Komendzinski (Ed.), "Metaphor: A Multidisciplinary Approach," 
   a special issue, Theoria et Historia Scientiarum, 6 (1), pp.399-412.


Barnden, J.A. (2001):

   "The utility of reversed transfers in metaphor."

   In Procs. Twenty-Third Annual Meeting of 
                the Cognitive Science Society, pp.57-62

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A. (2001):

   "Uncertainty and Conflict Handling 
      in the ATT-Meta Context-Based System for Metaphorical Reasoning."

   In the proceedings of Context'01: 
      Third International Conference on Modeling and Using Context.

   Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 2116.
   Copyright: Springer-Verlag. 

   Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Lee, M.G. & Barnden, J.A. (2001):

   "Reasoning about mixed metaphors with an implemented AI system."

   Metaphor and Symbol, 16 (1&2), pp.29--42.

   (Also as Technical Report CSRP-00-11, School of Computer Science, 
    The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2000.)


Lee, M.G. & Barnden, J.A. (1999):

   "Mixing metaphors."

   In Procs. Symposium on Metaphor, Artificial Intelligence, and Cognition
      (at AISB'99 Convention, Edinburgh, April 1999), pp.11-16. 
   Brighton, U.K.: Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and 
                   the Simulation of Behaviour.

   (This is a preliminary version of Lee & Barnden above.)

Barnden, J.A. (1998):

   "Concerning the role of analogy in metaphor processing." 
                     (Invited talk.)

   In K. Holyoak, D. Gentner & B. Kokinov (Eds),
         Advances in Analogy Research:
         Integration of Theory and Data from the 
         Cognitive, Computational, and Neural Sciences, pp.291--299. 
   Sofia, Bulgaria: New Bulgarian University.




Technical Reports from my Department


Barnden, J.A. (2012):

   "Metaphor and simile:
          Reframing the comparison versus categorization debate."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-12-01, School of Computer Science,
      University of Birmingham, UK, March 2012.




Agerri, R. & Barnden, J.A. (2008):

   
   "Metaphor in Textual Entailment."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-08-01, School of Computer Science, 
      University of Birmingham, UK, October 2008.

   online version


Wallington, A.M. (2007):
   "An analysis of metaphors in a New York Times article:
         A study of the variability in metaphor."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-07-01, School of Computer Science, 
      University of Birmingham, UK, October 2008.

   online version


Wallington, A.M & Barnden, J.A. (2006):
   "Similarity as a Basis for Metaphor: 
         Invariant Transfer and the role of VNMAs."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-06-02, School of Computer Science, 
      University of Birmingham, UK, October 2008.

   online version




Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2004). 
  
   "Open-ended metaphorical reasoning, HCI and the ATT-Meta approach."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-04-02, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: rtf


Glasbey, S.R., Barnden, J.A., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2004).
   "Temporal metaphors in discourse."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-04-03, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Wallington, A.M., Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R. & Lee, M.G. (2004).
   "Metaphorical reasoning with an economical set of mappings."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-04-01, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Wallington, A.M., Barnden, J.A., Buchlovsky, P., Fellows, L. & Glasbey, S.R. (2003).
   "Metaphor annotation: A systematic study."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-03-04, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Wallington, A.M., Barnden, J.A., Barnden, M.A., Ferguson, F.J. & Glasbey, S.R. (2003).
   "Metaphoricity signals: A corpus-based investigation."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-03-05, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Wallington, A.M., Barnden, J.A. & Glasbey, S.R. (2003).
   "View neutral mapping adjuncts in real text: 
      A preliminary investigation."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-03-06, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

   Electronically accessible in: pdf


Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2002):
   "Asymmetry and reverse transfers in metaphor."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-02-09, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

    Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A., Glasbey, S.R., Lee, M.G. & Wallington, A.M. (2002):
   "Application of the ATT-Meta metaphor-understanding system 
      to examples of the metaphorical view of TEACHERS AS MIDWIVES." 

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-02-10, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K.

    Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A. (2001):
   "Application of the ATT-Meta metaphor-understanding approach 
      to selected examples from Goatly."


   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-01-01, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2001.

    Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A. & Lee, M.G. (2001):
   "Understanding open-ended usages of familiar conceptual
          metaphors: An approach and artificial intelligence system."

   Cognitive Science Research Paper CSRP-01-05, School of Computer Science, 
   The University of Birmingham, U.K., 2001.

    Electronically accessible in: postscript, pdf


Barnden, J.A., Lee, M. & Markert, K. (Eds). (2001):
   Procs. of the Workshop on Corpus-Based and 
   Processing Approaches to Figurative Language
      (held in conjunction with Corpus Linguistics 2001, Lancaster University, U.K.)

   Technical Papers Vol. 14, 
   University Centre for Computer Corpus Research on Language, 
   Lancaster University, U.K., 2001.
   

   Obtainable in hardcopy from Barnden or via
   http://www.comp.lancs.ac.uk/ucrel/tech_papers.html





Last mod 29 September 2015