Dr Nick Hawes

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[younghawes13] Jay Young and Nick Hawes. Predicting Situated Behaviour Using Sequences Of Abstract Spatial Relations. In Proceedings of the AAAI 2013 Fall Symposium How Should Intelligence be Abstracted in AI Research: MDPs, Symbolic Representations, Artificial Neural Networks, or _____?. November 2013. [pdf] [bib]
Abstract. The ability to understand behaviour is a crucial skill for Artificial Intelligence systems that are expected to interact with external agents such as humans or other AI systems. Such systems might be expected to operate in co-operative or team-based scenarios, such as domestic robots capable of helping out with household jobs, or disaster relief robots expected to collaborate and lend assistance to others. Conversely, they may also be required to hinder the activities of malicious agents in adversarial scenarios. In this paper we address the problem of modelling agent behaviour in domains expressed in continuous, quantitative space by applying qualitative, relational spatial abstraction techniques. We employ three common techniques for Qualitative Spatial Reasoning -- the Region Connection Calculus, the Qualitative Trajectory Calculus and the Star calculus. We then supply an algorithm based on analysis of Mutual Information that allows us to find the set of abstract, spatial relationships that provide high degrees of information about an agent's future behaviour. We employ the RoboCup soccer simulator as a base for movement-based tasks of our own design and compare the predictions of our system against those of systems utilising solely metric representations. Results show that use of a spatial abstraction-based representation, along with feature selection mechanisms, allows us to outperform metric representations on the same tasks.
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