Phantom Limb Development in Congenitally Upper Limb-Deficient Individuals

Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.4534

  author =       "Kristin A. Farry",
  title =        "Phantom Limb Development in Congenitally Upper
                 Limb-Deficient Individuals",
  journal =      "Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics",
  year =         "2009",
  volume =       "21",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "145--151",
  month =        jul,
  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming, lilGP,
  ISSN =         "1040-8800",
  broken =       "",
  URL =          "",
  DOI =          "doi:10.1097/JPO.0b013e3181b15dff",
  size =         "7 pages",
  abstract =     "Myoelectric data were collected from 10 below-elbow
                 limb-deficient volunteers for evaluation of a
                 myoelectric prosthesis control system. Five had
                 congenital limb deficiency and five had traumatic limb
                 loss. The traumatic-loss volunteers all had phantom
                 limbs, whereas the congenitally deficient volunteers
                 reported no phantom limb experiences before the data
                 collection. Unexpectedly, the congenitally deficient
                 volunteers began to feel phantom-like sensations of
                 their missing hands during the data collection, which
                 used contralateral stimulation. Some described limits
                 on their new perceptions remarkably similar to the
                 phantom motion limits described by traumatic amputees
                 (i.e., difficulty in fully opening and closing the
                 phantom's fingers). Significant changes occurred in the
                 volunteers' myoelectric data signatures after they
                 began to feel the phantoms.( J Prosthet Orthot .
  notes =        "KRISTIN A. FARRY, PhD, is affiliated with the
                 Excalibur Technical Services Inc., 624 Graves Mill
                 Road, Madison, Virginia, USA

                 American Academy of Orthotists and prosthetists

Genetic Programming entries for Kristin A Farry