Genetic Programming and Neural Networks Forecasting of monthly sunspot numbers

Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.4549

  author =       "Mak Kaboudan",
  title =        "Genetic Programming and Neural Networks Forecasting of
                 monthly sunspot numbers",
  journal =      "New Mathematics and Natural Computation",
  year =         "2012",
  volume =       "8",
  number =       "2",
  pages =        "167--182",
  month =        jul,
  email =        "",
  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming, Sunspot
                 numbers, solar cycle 24, neural networks",
  ISSN =         "1793-0057",
  DOI =          "doi:10.1142/S1793005712500020",
  abstract =     "A three-stage computational intelligence strategy is
                 used to forecast the unsmoothed monthly sunspot number.
                 The strategy employs agents that use two computational
                 techniques, genetic programming (GP) and neural
                 networks (NN), in a sequence of three stages. In the
                 first, two agents fit the same set of observed monthly
                 data. One employs GP, while the other employs NN. In
                 the second, residuals (= differences between observed
                 and solution values) from the first stage are fitted
                 employing a different technique. The NN
                 fitted-residuals are added to the GP first-stage
                 solution while the GP fitted-residuals are added to the
                 NN first-stage solution. In the third, outputs from the
                 first and second stages become inputs to use in
                 producing two new solutions that reconcile differences.
                 The fittest third stage solution is then used to
                 forecast 48 monthly sunspot numbers (September 2009
                 through August 2013). This modelling scheme delivered
                 lower estimation errors at each stage. The next sunspot
                 number peak is predicted to be around the middle of
  notes =        "School of Business, University of Redlands, Redlands,
                 CA 92373, USA",

Genetic Programming entries for Mahmoud A Kaboudan