Automatic design and manufacture of robotic lifeforms

Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.4340

  author =       "Hod Lipson and Jordan B. Pollack",
  title =        "Automatic design and manufacture of robotic
  journal =      "Nature",
  year =         "2000",
  number =       "406",
  pages =        "974--978",
  month =        "31 " # aug,
  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming, evolutionary
                 programming, evolutionstrategies",
  URL =          "",
  DOI =          "doi:10.1038/35023115",
  size =         "5 pages",
  abstract =     "Biological life is in control of its own means of
                 reproduction, which generally involves complex,
                 autocatalysing chemical reactions. But this autonomy of
                 design and manufacture has not yet been realized
                 artificially. Robots are still laboriously designed and
                 constructed by teams of human engineers, usually at
                 considerable expense. Few robots are available because
                 these costs must be absorbed through mass production,
                 which is justified only for toys, weapons and
                 industrial systems such as automatic teller machines.
                 Here we report the results of a combined computational
                 and experimental approach in which simple
                 electromechanical systems are evolved through
                 simulations from basic building blocks (bars, actuators
                 and artificial neurons); the 'fittest' machines
                 (defined by their locomotive ability) are then
                 fabricated robotically using rapid manufacturing
                 technology. We thus achieve autonomy of design and
                 construction using evolution in a 'limited universe'
                 physical simulation coupled to automatic fabrication.",
  notes =        "Note I have filed as GP even though the authors state
                 they are not using GP (their genetic search uses only
                 mutation) however (as far as I can tell) the
                 representation of the genome is variable length.

                 Nice mpeg videos online at",

Genetic Programming entries for Hod Lipson Jordan B Pollack