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@InProceedings{Neil:1999:ECM, author = "Julian R. Neil and Kevin B. Korb", title = "The Evolution of Causal Models: {A} Comparison of {Bayesian} Metrics and Structure Priors", booktitle = "Proceedings of the 3rd Pacific-Asia Conference on Methodologies for Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining ({PAKDD}-99)", year = "1999", editor = "Ning Zhong and Lizhu Zhou", volume = "1574", series = "Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence", pages = "433--438", language = "English", address = "Beijing, China", month = "26-28 " # apr, publisher = "Springer-Verlag", keywords = "genetic algorithms, genetic programming", ISBN = "3-540-65866-1", DOI = "doi:10.1007/3-540-48912-6_57", size = "6 pages", abstract = "We report the use genetic algorithms (GAs) as a search mechanism for the discovery of linear causal models when using two Bayesian metrics for linear causal models, a Minimum Message Length (MML) metric [10] and a full posterior analysis (BGe) [3]. We also consider two structure priors over causal models, one giving all variable orderings for models with the same arc density equal prior probability (P1) and one assigning all causal structures with the same arc density equal priors (P2). Evaluated with Kullback-Leibler distance prior P2 tended to produce models closer to the true model than P1 for both metrics, with MML performing slightly better than BGe. By contrast, when using an evaluation metric that better reflects the nature of the causal discovery task, namely a metric that compares the results of predictive performance on the effect nodes in the discovered model P1 outperformed P2 in general, with MML and BGe discovering models of similar predictive performance at various sample sizes. This supports our conjecture that the P1 prior is more appropriate for causal discovery.", notes = "p436 'For this study we employed a non-standard genetic algorithm (cf. [5]), using DAGs directly as the genetic representation, with genetic operators designed for DAGs. These operators are described in detail in [5] and are extended in [6].' See also \cite{Neil96}", }

Genetic Programming entries for Julian R Neil Kevin B Korb