The Multiple Facets of Software Diversity: Recent Developments in Year 2000 and Beyond

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  author =       "Benoit Baudry and Martin Monperrus",
  title =        "The Multiple Facets of Software Diversity: Recent
                 Developments in Year 2000 and Beyond",
  journal =      "ACM Computer Surveys",
  year =         "2015",
  volume =       "48",
  number =       "1",
  month =        sep,
  pages =        "16:1--16:26",
  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming, Software
                 Engineering, Software diversity, design principles,
                 program transformation",
  acmid =        "2807593",
  publisher =    "ACM",
  address =      "New York, NY, USA",
  ISSN =         "0360-0300",
  URL =          "",
  URL =          "",
  DOI =          "doi:10.1145/2807593",
  size =         "26 pages",
  abstract =     "Early experiments with software diversity in the mid
                 1970s investigated N-version programming and recovery
                 blocks to increase the reliability of embedded systems.
                 Four decades later, the literature about software
                 diversity has expanded in multiple directions: goals
                 (fault tolerance, security, software engineering),
                 means (managed or automated diversity), and analytical
                 studies (quantification of diversity and its impact).
                 Our article contributes to the field of software
                 diversity as the first work that adopts an inclusive
                 vision of the area, with an emphasis on the most recent
                 advances in the field. This survey includes classical
                 work about design and data diversity for fault
                 tolerance, as well as the cybersecurity literature that
                 investigates randomization at different system levels.
                 It broadens this standard scope of diversity to include
                 the study and exploitation of natural diversity and the
                 management of diverse software products. Our survey
                 includes the most recent works, with an emphasis from
                 2000 to the present. The targeted audience is
                 researchers and practitioners in one of the surveyed
                 fields who miss the big picture of software diversity.
                 Assembling the multiple facets of this fascinating
                 topic sheds a new light on the field.",
  notes =        "Brief mention of GP Also known as

Genetic Programming entries for Benoit Baudry Martin Monperrus