Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.4394

  author =       "Karl Sims",
  title =        "panspermia",
  booktitle =    "Artificial Life II Video Proceedings",
  publisher =    "Addison-Wesley",
  year =         "1991",
  editor =       "Christopher G. Langton",
  address =      "Santa Fe Institute, New Mexico, USA",
  month =        feb # " 1990",
  URL =          "",
  URL =          "",
  abstract =     "Panspermia is the name for the theory that life exists
                 and is distributed throughout the universe in the form
                 of germs or spores. This piece places the viewer in the
                 middle of a virtual world of an aggressively
                 reproducing inter-galactic life form, and depicts a
                 single life cycle of this unusual self propagating
                 system. Original software was used to create and
                 animate forests of 3D plant structures. {"}Artificial
                 evolution{"} techniques were used to interactively
                 select from random mutations of plant shapes until a
                 variety of interesting structures emerged. The subject
                 matter of the piece suggests the underlying biological
                 methods that were used to efficiently create an unusual
                 level of complexity. Dynamic simulations and particle
                 systems were also employed to achieve motions that are
                 calculated automatically. Attempts were made to bring
                 together several concepts: chaos, complexity,
                 evolution, self propagating entities, and the nature of
                 life itself. This botanical form of life, reproducing
                 itself from planet to planet through space, is in many
                 ways analogous to other self replicating systems
                 including organisms, entire species, or even ideas. A
                 window into this system, replicating on a grander
                 scale, is meant to increase awareness of self
                 propagating systems in general, as well as inspire
                 thoughts about our entire planet of life as a whole
  notes =        "

                 Also in Siggraph Video Review 1990?

  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming",

Genetic Programming entries for Karl Sims