The evolution of swarm grammars, growing trees, crafting art, and bottom-up design

Created by W.Langdon from gp-bibliography.bib Revision:1.4221

  author =       "Sebastian Von Mammen and Christian Jacob",
  journal =      "IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine",
  title =        "The evolution of swarm grammars, growing trees,
                 crafting art, and bottom-up design",
  year =         "2009",
  month =        aug,
  volume =       "4",
  number =       "3",
  pages =        "10--19",
  keywords =     "genetic algorithms, genetic programming",
  ISSN =         "1556-603X",
  annote =       "The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives",
  bibsource =    "OAI-PMH server at",
  language =     "en",
  oai =          "oai:CiteSeerX.psu:",
  rights =       "Metadata may be used without restrictions as long as
                 the oai identifier remains attached to it.",
  URL =          "",
  broken =       "",
  DOI =          "doi:10.1109/MCI.2009.933096",
  size =         "10 pages",
  abstract =     "We presented swarm grammars as an extension of
                 Lindenmayer systems. Instead of applying a single
                 turtle agent to convert linear strings into 3D
                 structures, we use a swarm of agents which navigate in
                 3D space and-as a side effect-place structural building
                 blocks into their environment. The swarm grammars are
                 used to specify how the setup of agent types changes
                 over time. Additional agent parameters determine the
                 agents' behaviours and their interaction dynamics. Both
                 the grammar rules and the agent parameters are
                 evolvable and can change over time-either automatically
                 at replication and collision events among the agents,
                 or triggered by external tinkering from a supervising
                 breeder. When swarm grammars are applied to concrete
                 problems, constraints on the developmental processes as
                 well as on the emerging structures may provide the
                 basis for an automatic evolutionary algorithm.",

Genetic Programming entries for Sebastian von Mammen Christian Jacob