The website on causation, by
presupposed capabilities of animals to move around in and manipulate
parts of a richly-structured 3-D world as part of the processes of
learning about causal relationships and putting the resulting
understanding of causal relationships to use.
The material below was provided some time after the workshop by
research on locomotion and its evolution
provides some of the important detailed information about
manipulation and locomotion by animals.
These and other details need to be combined with detailed
specifications of the environment in order to identify the cognitive
problems that have to be solved by such animals, and by future
robots that are expected
to perceive, move around in, learn about, and manipulate parts of a
environment (the topic of two EU Cognitive Systems projects
We are now developing a
three way collaboration (Chappell, Thorpe and Sloman) linking
theories about cognitive processes with analysis of
detailed requirements for manipulation and locomotion, especially in
The presentations and papers below provide some of the background
material for this collaboration.
What is special about human tool use?
You Are What You Eat
Walking the walk:
evolution of human bipedalism
Am I an Ape?
2008 UoB Christmas Science Lecture by Susannah Thorpe and Jerry
Pritchardto over 1000 school children.
Orangutan Positional Behavior and the Nature
of Arboreal Locomotion in Hominoidea
Susannah K.S. Thorpe1 and Robin H. Crompton2
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Origin of Human Bipedalism
As an Adaptation for Locomotion on
Thorpe et. al.
Orangutans use compliant
branches to lower the
energetic cost of locomotion
Thorpe et al.
Biology Letters (Biomechanics)
School of Computer Science
The University of Birmingham
Last updated: 4 Feb 2009
Installed: 4 Feb 2009