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CONVENTIONS USED IN METAPHOR DESCRIPTIONS
A metaphor M1 is a SPECIAL CASE of a metaphor M2 if manifestations of M1 are
also ipso facto manifestations of M2. For instance, Cognizing as
Seeing is a special case of Cognizing as Physically Sensing.
M1 is a QUASI SPECIAL CASE of M2 if there is some (variable) sense in which M1
is approximately a special case of M2. For instance, one possibility is that
most but not all manifestations of M1 are also manifestations of M2.
M1 OVERLAPS M2 if some special case of M1 is also a special case of M2. For
instance, Cognizing as Seeing overlaps with Ideas/Emotions as
Physical Objects because there is a special case of the former that could
be called Cognizing as Seeing Mental Objects, where the seen objects are
mental entities (e.g., ideas) that are simultaneously being viewed as physical
Obviously, a special-case relationship is also an overlap.
A metaphor M1 is MIXED with a metaphor M2 when some utterance uses a
combination of both to describe a state of mind. There are various ways such
mixing can happen. (I will add comments about this later.)
An utterance that is within the overlap of two metaphors also mixes those
But there are other forms of mixing.