Martin Escardo, 19th May 2018.

Properties of function extensionality.


{-# OPTIONS --without-K --exact-split --safe #-}

module UF-FunExt-Properties where

open import SpartanMLTT
open import UF-Base
open import UF-FunExt
open import UF-Equiv
open import UF-Equiv-FunExt
open import UF-Yoneda
open import UF-Subsingletons
open import UF-Retracts
open import UF-EquivalenceExamples


Vladimir Voevodsky proved in Coq that naive function extensionality
(any two pointwise equal non-dependent functions are equal) implies
function extensionality (happly is an equivalence, for dependent

Here is an Agda version, with explicit indication of the universe levels.


naive-funext-gives-funext' : naive-funext 𝓀 (𝓀 βŠ” π“₯) β†’ naive-funext 𝓀 𝓀 β†’ funext 𝓀 π“₯
naive-funext-gives-funext' {𝓀} {π“₯} nfe nfe' = funext-via-singletons Ξ³
  Ξ³ : (X : 𝓀 Μ‡ ) (A : X β†’ π“₯ Μ‡ )
    β†’ ((x : X) β†’ is-singleton (A x))
    β†’ is-singleton (Ξ  A)
  Ξ³ X A Ο† = Ξ΄
    f : Ξ£ A β†’ X
    f = pr₁

    f-is-equiv : is-equiv f
    f-is-equiv = pr₁-equivalence X A Ο†

    g : (X β†’ Ξ£ A) β†’ (X β†’ X)
    g h = f ∘ h

    g-is-equiv : is-equiv g
    g-is-equiv = equiv-post nfe nfe' f f-is-equiv

    e : βˆƒ! h κž‰ (X β†’ Ξ£ A) , f ∘ h ≑ id
    e = equivs-are-vv-equivs g g-is-equiv id

    r : (Ξ£ h κž‰ (X β†’ Ξ£ A) , f ∘ h ≑ id) β†’ Ξ  A
    r (h , p) x = transport A (happly p x) (prβ‚‚ (h x))

    s : Ξ  A β†’ (Ξ£ h κž‰ (X β†’ Ξ£ A) , f ∘ h ≑ id)
    s Ο† = (Ξ» x β†’ x , Ο† x) , refl

    rs : βˆ€ Ο† β†’ r (s Ο†) ≑ Ο†
    rs Ο† = refl

    Ξ΄ : is-singleton (Ξ  A)
    Ξ΄ = retract-of-singleton (r , s , rs) e

naive-funext-gives-funext : naive-funext 𝓀 𝓀 β†’ funext 𝓀 𝓀
naive-funext-gives-funext fe = naive-funext-gives-funext' fe fe

naive-funext-gives-funextβ‚€ : naive-funext 𝓀 𝓀 β†’ funext 𝓀 𝓀₀
naive-funext-gives-funextβ‚€ fe = naive-funext-gives-funext' fe fe